Valves for Pneumatic Cylinders and Actuators

Pneumatic air valves perform a guiding and dosing function via regulating and locking elements. They’re controlled by special mechanical, pneumatic, or electromagnetic signals. Issues with pneumatic valves can lead to more costly problems all over the system. By reading this, you are already taking the first step in avoiding this problem — because choosing the right pneumatic valve starts with choosing the right pneumatic valve manufacturer.
For example, if it has five ports, port 1 will be for pressure inlet, ports 2 and 4 for work ports, and 3 and 5 for the exhaust ports. A valve with three positions will have a neutral condition, extend condition and retract condition. Putting it all together, this describes a five-way, three-position valve, also referred to as a 5/3 valve. The common configurations seen in pneumatics are 5/3, 5/2, 4/2, 3/2 and sometimes 2/2 valves. Three-way valves direct pressurized air to the cylinder’s cap-end side.
This system also features flow control valves, pressure relief valves, and a spring assisted check valves. The function of each of these valve types is discussed earlier in this post. The opening or closing of automatic control valves is usually done by electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic actuators. Normally with a modulating valve, which can be set to any position between fully open and fully closed, valve positioners are used to ensure the valve attains the desired degree of opening. Putting it all together, this describes a five-way, three position valve, also referred to as a 5/3 valve. In this context, the pneumatic valve operates to present flow control in a valve, but the fluid existing in the lines is not air.
The flexibility and adaptability of pneumatic solenoid valves make them an integral part of processing equipment and industrial operations. Compressed air systems, vacuum systems, ventilation systems, and air-operated equipment rely on pneumatic solenoids to safely and dependably control their operation. van samyang of shear-action valves incorporate spools as their moving members. Packedspool valves have resilient seals fitted around the spool lands to effect almost leak-proof sealing.
As you can imagine, many pressure relief valves also act as flow control valves. Valves are used in pneumatic systems to control airflow by blocking or directing it to meet the needs of the system. Knowing how to specify which valve is necessary in a schematic is an important skill for any engineer working with pneumatic systems. Browse our in-stock options online or contact us to discuss your application. Air-actuated control valves each with a 4–20 mA “I to P” converter integral to a valve positioner. In this example each positioner is comparing the valve stem travel against control signal, and applying any correction.
If the noise decreases, it indicates incomplete solenoid motion. Solenoid burnout may be caused by high transient voltages that break down coil insulation, causing short circuits to ground. This problem is most common where solenoids are connected to voltage sources that supply motors and other inductive loads.